Hyperpigmentation: Common Types And The Best Cure

Hyperpigmentation

Everyone wants flawless skin. What’s sad is that hyperpigmentation also happens to everyone, and we don’t want that. Each hyperpigmentation has their distinct appearances. Some may look similar to other pigmentation like solar lentigos and freckles. We’re lucky we live in an era where innovative technologies have been developed, which can improve and treat our skin concerns. To know more about such technologies and treatment procedure, you can read it here and learn about their effectiveness.

Before scheduling an appointment with your dermatologist, it is best to know what type of hyperpigmentation you are experiencing. This can help inform your derma specialist of how the pigmentation developed.

Types Of Hyperpigmentation

Each hyperpigmentation has unique characteristics that may require certain treatment procedures to get rid of them. Here are some of the common types of hyperpigmentation:

Solar Lentigo

Often mistaken as freckles, solar lentigos have a larger and more defined appearance. This happens due to the UV rays that cause the melanin to accumulate inside skin cells. Such hyperpigmentations are harmless and can develop on the back of the hands and face.

Melasma

Melasma commonly happens to women and people who are dark-skinned. This hyperpigmentation has a brownish and symmetrical appearance that can be found on the face. There are two factors why melasma happens:

  1. Sun exposure
  2. Pregnancy

PIH or Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation

Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation or PIH develops when the skin experiences an injury, infection, or inflammation. In some cases, PIH will fade away for a few weeks or months. But, severe cases of PIH may be permanent and will need the assistance of a professional to get rid of the pigmentation.

Freckles

Freckles have a flat and brownish appearance which can potentially multiple and get darker when exposed to the sun for too long. In some cases, freckles can turn into solar lentigos which are more prominent. This happens as the sun triggers the skin to produce excessive amounts of melanin to protect itself from the harmful UV rays. Freckles can sometimes appear black, tan, and reddish.

Treatment Options

Medical treatments for hyperpigmentation are not as scary and painful as traditional procedures. Below are some of the popular treatments that patients avail to improve their skin.

Laser Treatments

Laser treatments work by targeting the deeper layers of the skin, which is the dermis. The laser energy helps to break pigmented cells into smaller particles which makes it easier for the skin to dispose of. At the same time, the device also triggers collagen production. There are different types of laser treatments. Each type has its differences in pulse duration, wavelength, and laser energy.

  • Pro Yellow Laser – This type of laser treatment thickens the blood that can be found in vessels by using a 577nm that offers 40% higher absorption. This process lessens the risk of bruising and blistering. Melasma, vascular lesions (rosacea), and solar lentigos can be treated with Por Yellow Laser
  • Lutronic PicoPlus Laser – This is a non-ablative laser treatment makes the skin have a rejuvenated and youthful-looking appearance with its capabilities of producing collagen fibres. Lutronic PicoPlus uses a device that delivers picosecond pulses to break-apart pigmented cells into smaller particles. This treatment works effectively on deeper pigmentations.

Chemical Peels

Chemical peels usually contain a high concentration of chemicals to burn or peel the affected skin area. Such chemical peels help to reduce the appearance of dark spots and pigmentation with continuous application. As the chemicals remove the outer surface, the skin will also produce collagen to even out the skin’s texture.

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