All About Laptop Components And Their Functions

The laptop is one of the best inventions made by humans. It has made life so much easier for everyone.

When buying a laptop, you are bound to come across technical descriptions of laptop components. Having knowledge about the different important components of a laptop can help you find the best laptop for your use.

In this post, we will give you a brief overview of all the important components of a laptop that you should know about. If you are planning to buy a new laptop, you should definitely give this article a read.

Components Of A Laptop

A laptop is made of different components. Each of these components is meant for a specific function. Knowing these components and their functions can help you to pick the best laptop for yourself.

  1. Processor (CPU)

The central processing unit (CPU) is perhaps one of the most important components of a laptop. This is what controls your laptop and enables other components to function. The speed of a processor is measured in gigahertz (GHz). The higher the speed, the smoother the performance. Today, we have multi-core processors that are faster in speed. This enables a laptop to handle more than one task simultaneously.

  1. RAM

RAM is short for Random Access Memory. This is yet another crucial component of a laptop. RAM is what determines the speed of your laptop. The higher the RAM, the faster your laptop will run. This also means that your laptop will be able to run multiple programs simultaneously. Laptops with higher RAM can even handle larger multimedia programs without any hassles. The good thing is you will find different RAM sizes. For example, 2GB, 4GB, 8GB, and so on. For a web-browsing laptop, 2GB RAM is fine. But for a gaming laptop, you will need 8GB of RAM and higher.

  1. Hard Drive

The hard drive is basically the memory storage of your laptop. Having a big hard drive means you can store more files and install more programs on your device. Today, we have laptops that offer gigabytes of storage space. This is enough space to store all your important files and programs. A typical hard drive has a speed of 5,400 rpm. However, you can even get hard drives with a speed of 7,200 rpm or even 10,000 rpm. Some of the laptops even allow you to install more than one hard drive.

  1. Graphics Card

The next important component of a laptop is the graphics card which is also known as the video card. These cards are useful in generating graphics on your device. All laptops are equipped with a graphics card which enables them to display basic graphics and videos on a screen. A graphics card is used to reduce the load off the processor. This helps your device to run faster and smoother. Gaming laptops are equipped with dedicated graphics cards that enable them to handle heavy graphics and visuals. These video cards come with their own memory which makes them faster and better in performance.

  1. External Ports

Every laptop has multiple ports and this may vary from one device to another. A basic laptop will come with a USB port to allow you to connect it to a smartphone, printer, or camera. Most modern laptops come with multiple USB ports. Along with that, they may also have an SD card or MMC card slot. Some of the laptops even have a VGA and HDMI port. These ports are added for your convenience so that you can link your laptop to other compatible devices.

  1. Optical Drive

By optical drive we mean the CD or DVD drive of a laptop. Modern-day laptops come with a DVD+/-RW drive which is also known as a burner. This reads and writes blank CDs and DVDs in all formats. Having an optical drive in your laptop can help you in many ways. However, smaller laptops may not have an optical drive because they are designed to be lightweight.

All these components together contribute to the functioning of a laptop. When buying a new laptop, you need to consider all of these factors to find the best device for yourself.

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